Develop Characters Using Enneagram Personality Types (Part 1)

Develop Characters

If you assemble a cast of characters with a wide range of behavioral traits, imagine the unique voices, interesting dialogue, dynamic scenes, and potential conflicts you could write. Develop characters using the Enneagram Personality types to create realistic emotions, choices, and behaviors.

What Are Enneagram Personality Types?

By identifying a character’s personality type, strengths, and preferences, you’ll understand how they approach life, such as romantic relationships, career choices, and friendships.

The Enneagram describes interconnected patterns of how people see the world and manage their emotions. Since the 1950s, theorists tested the Enneagram and documented their theories.

In fiction, you can use this body of knowledge to create dynamic villains, heroes, and supporting cast members. So, I’m talking about characters who react to people and events with realistic emotions and behaviors.

Enneagram Basics

There are nine Enneagram personality types.

  • Each type can exhibit nine traits. The behaviors range from healthy to unhealthy.
  • When a character is under stress, an individual’s demeanor and reactions can emulate the negative traits of a connected wing type.
  • When a character feels secure, traits can shift toward the positive traits of a connected wing type, opening up yet more possibilities.

An Enneagram Example

Let’s look at the Enneagram Type 1: The Perfectionist.

In life, people show combinations of positive and negative traits, creating a range of emotions and reactions.

For example, here’s the general range of characteristics for The Perfectionist:

  • Positive Traits: Conscientious and ethical, with a strong sense of right and wrong. The Type 1 often serves as teachers, crusaders, and change advocates. Above all, they strive to improve.
  • Negative Traits: The Type 1 is afraid of making a mistake. So, they try to maintain high standards. For instance, they can slip into being critical with perfectionistic tendencies.

The Perfectionist’s best and worst case characteristics:

  • At Best: Wise, discerning, realistic, and noble—even morally heroic
  • At Worst: Becomes condemnatory toward others, punitive and cruel

Develop Characters Using Enneagram Personality Types

The traits range between healthy and unhealthy. Thus, your bad guy can show positive qualities and your good guy can show negative qualities.

Here’s an excerpt from my Character Development Matrix download:

The Perfectionist - Range of Traits
Click to Enlarge

When stressed, the traits progress toward unhealthy, and when secure, the traits move toward healthy.

Character Development

To develop characters using the Enneagram Personality types:

  1. Assign an Enneagram type to each character based on your story’s premise.
  2. Decide the character’s starting point within the range of healthy to unhealthy traits.

Example: Type 1 Antagonist

Let’s start the antagonist at number five. Al McWhiggin, a character from Toy Story 2, will serve as our example.

Shoppers at Al’s Toy Barn appreciate a shopkeeper who exercises self-control and makes orderly choices. However, Al needs money, and steals Woody from the Davis family’s garage sale.

His tendencies are perfect for restoring Woody to near-new condition, completing the set of Woody’s Roundup toys sought by a foreign investor. But because Buzz Lightyear, Mr. Potato Head, Slinky Dog, Rex, and Hamm saw Al’s crime, they set about rescuing Woody, disrupting the planned sale and shifting Al’s traits from average toward unhealthy.

Things could have gone differently. For example, had the sale gone through as planned and Al felt secure, his traits could have remained unchanged, or even progressed toward healthy.

Example: Type 1 Protagonist

With our protagonist, let’s also start the character’s role at number five.

Mr. Potato Head, an essential character, helped rescue Woody from Al McWhiggin. Potato fancies himself as a leader, which leads to some missteps. Because he likes things orderly, the mistakes cause the character’s traits to progress toward unhealthy, showing Potato’s flaw.

He’s moody with Andy’s other toys. When Woody accidentally pushes Buzz Lightyear out the window, Potato becomes condemnatory, accusing Woody of doing it on purpose.

Despite some negative traits, Mr. Potato Head progresses toward healthy, showing himself obligated and strives to be the leader he envisions.

Part 1 Wrap Up on How to Develop Characters Using the Enneagram Personality Types

The Enneagram types offer excellent starting points for developing characters. Once you set a character’s type, you can use the Enneagram to enhance consistency—essential if you’re writing a series where the character appears in multiple books.

To sum up this post, I’ve given you a glimpse of the possibilities to develop characters using the Enneagram Personality types. Similarly, in Part 2, I’ll show you how the Enneagram can help you define relationships and create unique voices.

Get the Character Development Download

Character Development Matrix 3.0
Story Character Blueprint 3.0
Enneagram Levels of Devlopment 3.0

To put the Enneagram to work, get the free Character Development Download of the Character Development Matrix, Story Character Blueprint, and Enneagram Levels of Development. The PDF contains 8.5 X 11.0 inch high-resolution documents.